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Qualification and Learning Outcomes

Early works to create the national qualifications framework in higher education in Turkey has been started by the Higher Education Council following the ministerial meeting in Bergen in 2005 that determines the building of national qualification frameworks. Higher Education Qualifications Commission was set up by the Higher Education Council as a result of the 28. 04. 2006 dated and 2006/8 numbered general assembly resolution. It consisted of Higher Education Council members and kept on working till 04. 02. 2008. The commission has presented the first draft version of Turkish Higher Education Qualifications Framework to the related stakeholders after using the QF-EHEA level definers. In this draft, every cycle of higher education is defined by the required knowledge and understanding, applied knowledge, competences

On 10.07.2008 Higher Education Council renewed the commission members to keep on National Qualification Framework studies. “Higher Education Qualifications Working Group” is built to support the commission studies.
Renewed commission and the Working Group have performed the studies below so far:

National Qualifications studies are anticipated to be completed in 11 stages and the calendar for the studies is scheduled. According to the calendar scheduled, the National Quality Framework, which was started in 2006, is supposed to be prepared and approved in March 2009, necessary administrative organizational restructuring is planned to be completed by May 2009. At first, the framework is planned to be put into practice in the pilot institutions and programmes until 2010. Until the end of 2012, it is going to be put into effect in all the institutions and programmes. The studies to include the qualifications in the National Qualifications Framework with a specific quality assurance system are predicted to be performed between 2012 and 2015, and the studies to certify that the framework is in accordance with the European Qualification Frameworks are estimated to be performed between 2010 and 2012. National Qualifications Framework Website is planned to contain information about studies and developments and is expected to be prepared and opened for use in 2009.

The Commission and the Working Group have focused on the design Framework, one of the formation phases of National Qualification Framework, since the day it was established. In this context, taking structure of Turkish Higher Education System, levels and grades given in every level and the essential elements the National Quality Framework should include into consideration, the studies below were presented to the stakeholders.

· Cycles and Levels in National Qualifications Framework

 The existing higher education system in Turkey is in accordance with three cycle (bachelor, master, doctorate) system that is envisaged in the Bologna Process. Again, Turkish Higher Education System uses the grade “associate degree” whose equivalent is foreseen in both European Qualificaiton Frameworks and labeled as short cycle-QF-EHEA and 5th Level-EQF-LLL. Therefore, it is obvious that Higher Education National Qualificaiton Framework can be defined in 4 (four) levels consisting of associate degree, bachelor, master and doctorate.

Type of grades to be given for each level is specific and these are as follows: At the level of associate degreee; associate degree in undergraduate programmes, at the level of bachelor degree; faculty, high school and conservatory bachelor degree, at the level of masters degree; masters with and without thesis, at the doctorate level; doctorate, specialty in medicine and qualification in art. These grades will become clearer and more defined as points mentioned above fall into place within National Qualifications Frameworks.

Learning Outcomes

The term learning outcome is defined as knowledge, skills and qualifications the learners are expected to acquire after a specific period of learning. It is the expression of a student’s expectations of improving his abilities at the end of the learning process and/ or his will to know and understand.