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How Does Bologna Process Function?

Basically, Bologna Process is conducted on three main levels; international, national and institutional levels. On the international level; BFUG (Bologna Follow-Up Group) is the constitution responsible for the development and coordination of the process. BFUG was established in 2001 at the Ministerial Meeting in Prag to conclude the measures to be taken in order to actualize the envisaged targets and monitor the evolution of the process. It consists of the representatives of the countries that are included in Bologna Process. European Commission, Council of Europe, European University Association (EUA), The National Unions of Students in Europe (ESIB), European Association of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE) and UNESCO-CEPES are also included in the BFUG as advisory members. Having been established to support the activities of BFUG, BFUG Board is responsible for running the process successfully together with monitoring and coordinating the practise of the working programme.

Every two years, a Ministerial Conference is called for meeting to determine the methods to be followed, the fields of priority that are planned to be actualized in the following two years’ period and to evaluate the progress made in the preceding two years’ period. Ministers responsible for higher education attend the meetings in question. After the conference in Bologna in 1999, the meeting was conducted in Prag in 2001, then in Berlin in 2003, in Bergen in 2005 and in London in 2007.

Alongside the ministerial meetings; many seminars, meetings and workshops are held in Europe about the difficulties experienced during the actualization of the targets and priorities laid down in the communiqués published at the end of each ministerial meeting. Another subject of the meetings is the cooperation to be built. These organizations are known as “Bologna Seminars”.

On the national level; Bologna Process is executed by ministries responsible for higher education, national conferences/ committees of rectors, national student unions and quality assurance agencies together with employers or institutions related to them.

On the institutional level; Bologna Process is executed by higher education institutions, their faculties, departments and representatives of students and academic members.  

Bologna Follow-Up Group – BFUG

It consists of the representatives of the countries that are included in Bologna Process. European Commission, Council of Europe, European University Association (EUA), The National Unions of Students in Europe (ESIB), European Association of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE) and UNESCO-CEPES are also included in the BFUG as advisory members. BFUG was established after the decision taken at the European Ministerial Meeting in Prag in 2001.

BFUG is responsible for the development and coordination of the Bologna Process. The group’s main task is to conclude the measures to be taken in order to actualize the envisaged targets and monitor the evolution of the process. 

BFUG consists of the BFUG Board and the secretariat.

 
BFUG Board

BFUG Board is established to support the activities of BFUG. The assignments of BFUG Board are listed below:

• To provide the necessary support for the actualization of Bologna activities.,
• To assist the new members aiming at reaching the targets of Bologna Process.
• To coordinate the required activities necessary for the preparation phase of the evaluation period.
• To build Working Groups consisting of BFUG members and/ or experts on significant fields determined by BFUG.
• To control and manage the preparation phase of the next ministerial meeting.

Should the occasion arise, BFUG has the authority to assign the BFUG Board for various tasks in order to actualize the aims of the Bologna Process. However, BFUG is responsible for taking the official decisions.

Secretariat
Assignments of the secretariat are listed below:
- Running the required activities regarding the following ministerial meeting.
- Performing the assignments charged by BFUG and the BFUG Board.
- Performing the tasks regarding the practise of the working programme that is under the responsibility of BFUG and the BFUG Board.